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23 House Modifications For Elderly

Introduction

Many elderly people always appreciate the fact that there are good amenities and an easy going lifestyle. After retirement, most of the elderly people prefer to stay in their own homes. They prefer this because living in their own homes to them is cheaper, comfortable and peaceful. As such these people should reside in homes where they are safer. In order to achieve this, house modifications for elderly have to be done in these homes in order to keep the elderly from accidents while at home. These modifications include the following:

1. Opening up space in the rooms

Allowing more space in the room is good and is of great importance to the aged, or rather the elderly. One should always make sure that there are pathways, which should be very clear with enough space to walk in without knocking oneself on anything, or bumping on any object while moving. This should be done in those rooms that are commonly used like the bed room or even the sitting room. Unnecessary equipment, including tables and chairs should be removed so that the house is spacious enough to facilitate the movement of the elderly in the house. Remove anything that’s a trip hazard.

2. Adding extra lighting

A proper survey should be done on the house to be modified in order to determine those darker places that need more lightening for proper visibility. As the seniors advance in age, they encounter vision problems. In any case there are places in the house with poor lighting, they might not be able to see well, or find something in case they are looking for it. Such places as drawers, cabinets, staircases and corridors should be lightened by buying stick-on lights or bulbs for them to be visible and give the elderly easy time.

3. Installation of an elevated toilet seat

Most of the elderly people are always faced with challenges when it comes to sitting down or getting up. They really find it hard as some of the elderly people may have mobility problems. When an elevated toilet seat is installed in the house, they get an easy time when it comes to toileting.

4. Adding levered door handleslever door knobs

As people advance in age, at times they get affected by old age sicknesses such as arthritis. In such cases, their muscles may become weaker, especially the muscles of the hands. As a result, activities such as opening doors, turning water taps may become a very big problem to them. Adding levered handles to doors can really make their work easier. For example, if an individual has arthritis and the door handle is levered, he or she will be able to open the door with much ease.

5. Installing a doorbell and smoke detector with lights

Elderly people’s hearing ability may start failing as their ages advance. They may have hearing problems such that they may fail to hear even if a person is knocking the door. With the installation of a doorbell and a smoke detector with lights, they will know when someone is at the door.  More importantly, they will be able to update your smoke and carbon monoxide alarms with models that add lights or even the bed shaker attachments so that they are be adequately warned in case of a fire or carbon monoxide leak.

6. Installing grab bars

As people get older, keeping balance becomes very difficult. Having grab bars in various places around your house; both inside and outside the house can be of great help as it aids the elderly in catching them so that they don’t fall down. The most common spots or places where grab bars should be installed include; the bathroom, hallway, and next to one’s bed Widen your doorways.

7. Adding stair lifts

Stair lifts are expensive but if the seniors have stairs at home and can no longer walk upstairs and downstairs comfortably and safely, then it’s very important to add a stair lift in case the house is a storey building. If facilitates the movement of the elderly hence making work easy.

8. Installing a walk-in tub

Getting inside and outside the tub is one of the most problematic and dangerous tasks the elderly are faced with when their ages advance and they start developing balance and mobility problems. Like a stair lift, a walk-in tub is a pretty costly addition to your home, but one that can increase the comfort and safety of bathing significantly.

9. Installing wheelchair ramps

Any aged person who has mobility problems and uses a wheelchair should have wheelchair ramps installed around the house. . Wheelchair ramps won’t become necessary for all the elderly people, but instead they are very useful for those individuals who do need them they’ll make all the difference in being able to stay in one’s own home.

While some of these home adjustments like the wheelchair ramps seem to be expensive, they can help a person to save money overall in comparison to the cost of health expenses that are associated with a fall or a nursing home. And most importantly, a person’s safety, especially the elderly has to be one of the concerns as one ages.

10. Getting a clapper

One of the modest things that significantly increases the risk of falling down is walking anywhere in the house without any light on. If the light switches are not suitably located enough, walking in darkness could become a regular incident.

The Clapper makes it easy for an individual to turn on the lights without necessarily getting up from one’s seat by merely making a loud noise. It may seem a little bit complicated, but there are a number of products like their Echo, which can be hooked up in one’s home to make such things as turning on the lights and changing the regulator all possible to do just by voice.

11. Installing a bathroom lamp

It may be so difficult for the elderly to get inside and outside a tub and conduct all the business they need to do in a bathroom. This can really take much of their time. Doing a replacement of the overhead light above the toilet as well as the bath tub with a light that has infrared bulb and a regular bulb helps in keeping the bathroom warmer hence very comfortable for use among the elderly.

12. Replacing the faucetskitchen faucet

Touch less faucets are very helpful to the elderly when placed on both kitchen sinks and bathroom sinks, especially those individuals suffering from conditions like arthritis or grip problems. The twist faucet handles can also be replaced with levers. Faucets can also be upgraded by installing an anti-scald faucet in the bath tub or on the shower. The anti-scald faucets prevent bursts of cold water if at all the cold water is temporarily redirected as a result of flashing of the toilet. Scalding can also be prevented by lowering the maximum temperature of water to about one hundred and twenty degree Celsius.

13. Updating the floor

Floor can be the cause of many falls as a person advances in age. A carpet should be placed on the floor and this carpet should not be more a half an inch thick. On top of that, the bathroom floor should be anti-slip, meaning it should be resistant to slipping to prevent the elderly from slipping and getting injuries.

14. Adding a first floor laundry

Elderly people with mobility issues cannot go upstairs and downstairs each and every time they need to do a laundry. The addition of a first floor laundry is of great importance as in the case of a first floor bedroom. This can be achieved by converting a den or a closet into a laundry area.

15. Installation of a rocker-style light switches

Rocker style switches are also known as the push light switches. They are so easy to use as compared to the usual toggle flip switches. They are large in size hence the efficiency in sue since they do not require more effort to use. As such the elderly find it so easy to use such switches.

16. Eliminating cords to reduce trips and falls

Not only are excess cords unsightly, but they can also pose a serious tripping hazard. Reorganize the electronics in the living room to minimize the space between the device and the electrical outlet so that the cords are contained in as small a space as possible. If this is not an option, secure the cords as close to the wall as possible using electrical tape. Avoid letting any cords cross doorways or walkways, and replace the tape as often as needed to ensure the cords stay securely in place. To reduce fire hazards, minimize the number of cords you plug into any one outlet and secure multiple cords with Velcro straps to keep them organized.

17. Equipping stairs with firmly attached handrails

If you have stairs indoors or outside, handrails should be firmly attached and run the entire length of the staircase. Consider adding a reflective strip to each step where appropriate.

18. Installing a home security/monitoring system

Because senior citizens are more vulnerable to home invasions, a monitored home security system is a wise investment for any home where an elderly person lives alone. These systems are monitored by a professional service at all times. If the system senses a problem, it alerts the monitoring company, which then contacts the appropriate authorities. This way the resident won’t have to worry about making the call themselves.

Additional security devices can make life safer and more convenient. A bio metric lock on the front door makes it harder for criminals to enter and eliminates the need for the resident to fumble around with keys. A video doorbell lets the resident see and talk with a visitor before opening the door.

If your loved one needs a little extra attention, installing an activity monitoring system will let you keep an eye on them from wherever you are. This type of system provides video monitoring as well as information about the use of appliances, doors, and other home features to help you spot behavioral changes that might signal a developing medical issue

19. Adding swing-clear door hinges

Narrow doorways could be difficult for walkers and wheelchairs to navigate. Replacing standard hinges with ‘swing clear hinges’ allows the door to swing completely clear of the door opening. This can add an extra 1.5 to 2” of clearance without widening the doorway.

20. Installation of a pull-out pantry

Because it lets you see everything at a glance without having to shuffle items around, homeowners of all ages will find a pull-out pantry useful. But besides being convenient, drawers that give you easy access to your canned goods and cereal boxes also put less strain on your back and knees. You can even use the pull-outs to store heavy portable appliances, such as blenders, slow cookers and toasters

21. Adjusting the height of sink to suit the needs

Adjusting the height and/or location of the sink to suit your needs can really impact your experience in the kitchen. You can also add a roll-under sink so those that are wheelchair bound can use it. There are motorized, adjustable height counters/sinks available, which can go from a standard height to something more accessible by someone who is in a wheelchair. A local cabinet maker or Certified Aging in Place Specialist can help you find a solution right for you

22. Adding grabs to bathroom

Adding grab bars to the bathroom can also help prevent falls. While it’s easy to install simple stick-on or suction cup bars, you should never trust these bars to hold a person’s body weight. Grab bars need to be properly installed into the studs of the wall so they can handle the weight of a person. If you’re not sure how to do this yourself, having grab bars installed professionally is your best choice for the safety of your loved one. Other places in your home where you may want to install grab bars include next to the bed and in the hallway

23. Installation of a removable shower head

You may also want to consider a removable shower head, so you can move it around and wash more easily. These shower heads have a hose that hooks into where the shower head would normally be, with the actual spray and adjustments are on the other end. Since you can move this around to where you need it and change the spray type and strength, it’s easier to wash and get clean while still being comfortable and safe. These are also easier to replace at a later date if necessary. They also aren’t generally expensive options, so they can be done on a budget as you work to remodel your space

Conclusion

Safety is always an issue of concern for the elderly people, whether they are living independently or under their children’s care. At first a look, the home environment may not appear like a predominantly dangerous place. There are a lot of unseen risks for the elderly person around the home, from uneven thresholds to slippery floors, that can cause slips and falls to poor lighting conditions and clutter that can make the home environment so difficult to stay in for the elderly people who have mobility problems.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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18 Home Remodeling Modifications For Senior Citizens

Planning for the future for the seniors is crucial and better action to take. Designing where to live, the place to live when they retire and drawing plans expounding on how they will spend their senior years. But preparing a working plan for the end of those golden years can be very tiring and challenging . Contemplating end-of-life care presents many difficult considerations and decisions that no one wants to think about or make. Despite the difficulty, it’s vital for us to consider making them comfortable at their place. Housing concerns is  one of the vital issues. The house the elderly live could need a few changes make their home easier and safer to live in an move around. Think about things like a ramp at the front door, grab bars in the tub or shower, nonskid floors, more comfortable handles on doors or faucets and better insulation.

More seniors are choosing to age in place than relocating to care giving institutions where they think they will be robbed their independence and dignity. Due to the raised standards of living, the increasing number of aging citizens is becoming more expensive. The advanced technology is making it easier to keep them safe at their houses and more independence as well.

Most seniors have always been around their homes raising their families. This long stay in their homes enhances the bond and they always choose to remain in the home where they have lived and developed bulk of memories. Others go for options of aging in place because  of the cost of retirement communities, their crave for ndependent life and their views about  sacking assisted living. Despite the impossibility of independent living for the seniors, there are multiple changes which can be made available for them in their living environment to make their lives easier and increass the longevity of their comfortable stay in their own homes. By implementing home modifications that support aging in place, today’s seniors are able to maintain their independence, and in the long run, may save a substantial amount of money on senior living.

This article is exploring some of the important tips on home remodeling and modifications that support aging in place. Some are simple adjustments, while others are larger scale projects but their scope is to enhance good stay their homes.

18 General Home Modification Tips

1. Pay attention to aging needs and difficulties

In cases where the aging parent lives alone, family members, friends and neighbors may not be in position to realize the hardships their loved ones are encountering . It is therefore a good act to always, whenever you choose to pay them a visit, to make a point of observing how Mom or Dad gets around the house. Advisories given by the helping personal or health doctor and other health care professionals may provide you with a hint on your parents’ abilities and areas of difficulty. If you can get  concerned, that will be the best time to consider employing a specialist to do assessment.

2. Form a plan

Assessment doing is the first essential step whenever you choose to make a friendly and accommodating home for the elderly. It’s advisable to get to the house, move around noticing the possibility of hazards that could make the senior life more difficult.

3. Get a professional assessment of your home

Comprehensive Home Safety Assessment is normally done by a trained professional. The assessment encompasses evaluating the exterior of the home, all entry areas, every room including bathrooms, bedrooms, laundry room, working space, kitchen and dining room, lighting systems evaluation, fire and electrical safety.

The main objective is to prepare a summary  with recommendations for hazard  prevention and senior safety at the home. Modification to be made are suggested by the advisor giving advisory services concerning the better directives on better devices to install in the house.

4. Clear the excess

Anything which is not useful in the house should be removed to create space.The more space you allow in each of your rooms, the better. The pathways should always be wide open and clear to make sure that the seniors won’t in any case bump into obstacles when they are moving around especially in the rooms where they tend to spend much of their time.

5. Create at least one no-step entry into the home

It is a good idea to afford one of these. There are many other related issues that go beyond the construction work. From the outside , you’ll  need a covered entrance protection from different elements. Also, the drainage has to be advanced to a certain level that matches the walk ways surface want a covered entry to protect you from the elements. And you need good drainage since the doorway will be in  level with the walkway surface just outside the door.

6. Pocket doors may make mobility between rooms possible

The doors are known to be more safe because the widely open living the space free for the seniors to pass. The hinges are not in position to complicate the ease of movement because they are not in position to catch the wheelchairs. Not only will the door be out of the way when opened, the hinge will prevent any catching on wheelchairs.

7. Electric Stair Lifts

Due to demand of safety, the family and friends of the elderly sometimes engage themselves to buying and installing an electric stair lifts. It’s considered one of the safe means to aid shift in case the house is large . A number of the elderly tend to suffer from muscle failure (muscle atrophy) while others become very weak and it becomes a big issue to them. They reach a point where they cannot assist themselves up stairs. Some other times they are scared of falls and getting hurt as they struggle to climb up the stair when they have no one in the house to help them when they fall. The lift upgrade and increases confidence when they are relocating to the complex floors.

8. Look for a contractor to widen doors and hallways

Always focus on comfort of the elderly by enhancing ease of their movement in the house. Consider widening the door and pathways for easy walk and passage of the wheelchairs. In case of small space, consider cutting the wall board. The existing doors can be removed and trimmed to  the desired size.in cases where the switch is fitted on the walls relocating them will be the best idea. This can only run for a short period of time only if you employ qualified and experienced professionals to do the job.

9. Combine your essential rooms onto the first floorHome Remodeling Modifications For Senior Citizen

The elderly are reluctant to move to foreign environment. The best option is there considering to rearrange the rooms. If it becomes a problem for them to make it to the upper floor, they should feel comfortable relocating to the ground floor and making it a home. Consider moving things to the upper floor to create space and wide pathways.

10. Upgrade the lighting throughout the home

It’s too risky for the elderly to climb up to change lighting bulbs. Consider installing long lasting lighting solutions for the seniors. Switching to LED bulbs is a better modification to make. They are rated at life of 5times compared to the incandescent lights.

11. Smooth exterior walkways

 Most outdoor falls  for the seniors occur as a result of poor  surfaces which constructed in such a way that they are not leveled and walkways which are not serviced at all even after they are dismantled. With this in mind, keeping your loved one’s walkways safe is of the most important thing to always mind about. This enhances their freedom of movement and makes them feel comfortable within their homesteads. Anything that may lead to difficulties in movement for the seniors such as shrubbery and trees which have their branches growing toward the pathways should be kept trimmed and off the walkway. If your loved one has a walkway lined with gravel or bark, consider having a curb installed to keep it from finding its way onto the walkway.

12. Build a ramp in addition to, or on top of, your exterior stairs

Wheelchair cannot use the stairs. Building ramp is more safer and enables easy transition as the seniors make their way up floor. With proper planning, a ramp can fit into indoor and outdoor spaces just as well as a traditional staircase, providing visual interest.

13. Replace the toilet

A toilet seat for elderly loved ones prevents embarrassment from needing assistance to go to the bathroom and also going to help themselves. In cases where the seniors are recovering from injuries or have some strain with their joints, to afford to make it up to sitting on the toilet is strenuous and therefore it’s very nice to consider making raised toilets to reduce pain and allow the seniors go to bathroom and toilet independently. Considering their affordable prices, they are cheap and more secure to install for the elderly.

14. Update your cabinets. Replace kitchen cabinets with drawers and pullout shelves

Drawers and pullouts in kitchens are known to be more safe and comfortable with people of any age. People can easily have access to things from the drawer with ease. Having the drawers fitted with transparent glass makes it easier to see what is kept in the draw before deciding to pull. With this drawers, it’s much safer because you select what you want from the drawer while seeing because they are greatly exposed to illumination.

15. Personalized Advice

In case there is an occupational within your reach or you’ve had to engage one, there’s a good chance they’ll be able to help you get started. An occupation therapist is more informed about the different types of functioning of people, in different environments or spaces. This aspect is very essential towards the recommendations that are aimed at enhancing functions and safety in the seniors living environment. Contracting such specialized skills will ensure installation of long lasting solutions for children and the elderly. This may also help save money as you focus on advising purchase of quality devices.

16. Find a more suitable bed

Bed is very essential in the bedroom. Consider buying a bed which is adjustable and probably with ease. This will ensure the elderly are in position to raise the bed to a level where they have less stain to sit on. Considering the sleeping pattern of the aging, the adjustable beds are made in a way that the firmness of the mattress can be adjusted.

17. Make it brighter

Proper lighting helps prevent  visual missteps and prevent falls.Sophisticated lighting design helps to strengthen the feeling of security and increases confidence of the people living in the house when moving about. Elderly people are  free and enthusiastically manage to enjoy a more active involvement in their living environment. You should therefore focus on increasing lighting systems because the ability of light penetrating into the eyes of the elderly reduces with age increases. This therefore calls for increasing the lighting intensity.

18. Opt for floor consistency throughout the home

Few and smooth transitions on the floor are good and comfortable. Once you have to remodel your floor, make sure there are no height differences. This is because the seniors have week power to lift their legs. They drag their legs on the floor and living height deference can result to trip falling. Any saddles hardwood flooring around the doors are risky. It’s a good idea and a safety precaution to consider doing away with them.

Conclusion

Home improvements, repairs and  remodeling are great deals that allow older adults to live a  safe and healthy in their homes for as long as possible while safeguarding their independence and freedom. With the right independent living products, seniors can maintain an independent and safe lifestyle and they tend to be very okay making the caregivers feel less burdened and much more the house  maintain their normal appearances . We should therefore consider installing services which enhance comfort in their usual living environment.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Best lighting for elderly

Many lighting standards do not consider the needs of the elderly and are based on younger people in the 20 to 30 year age group. Increasing light is a safety measure toward safeguarding the independence of the elderly in their later years  at their houses. Something which should be passionately done. Establishing good consultative relationships with the experienced science sector and frequent collaboration with the healthcare sector enable us to make better choices when we go for lookout to facilitate installation of lighting systems for our loved ones as they age. Scientific evaluations support our decisions.

Eyesight  power reduction resulting from aging has consequences that far reach independence. The victims of eyesight  tend to be very quick in becoming  anxious and have  increased insecurity feeling about moving around. Light cannot correct  weakening eyesight, but when available ;compensates and helps restore self-confidence. Proper lighting helps prevent  visual missteps and prevent falls. Sophisticated lighting design helps to strengthen the feeling of security and increases confidence of the people living in the house when moving about. Elderly people are  free and enthusiastically manage to enjoy a more active involvement in their living environment. Below are some tips showing the better ways of designing lighting in house of the seniors. With a few adjustments, seniors are in good position to see better, afford a safe indoor  and more independent lives.

How Seniors Eyes Change as They Age

Medical science has done a lot of research about the changes to that occur to the vision ability as people get older: Proven Lighting For Seniors | 17 Improvements

Colors distort – Anyone’s eye lenses begin to yellow and absorbs a higher amount of blue wavelength light, creating distorted colors. As people grow older, it becomes a great task for them to differentiate between Green and Blue and blues start to look gray?

Harder to focus – senior eye lenses will also harden and become more rigid, so the senior eyes don’t focus as quickly or accurately as they used to before and at younger age.

Less light gets in -senior eyes pupils get smaller and  allows in less light. The older they are getting the more serious this problem becomes. By the time they reach 80, they need 6 times more light than as they were in their youth ages.

Light scatters –  The eye  corneas become more opaque and very minimal light is allowed in. This raises concern for better lighting in their residential areas. Fat deposits scatter the light, making it harder to recognize familiar objects.

Slower to adjust – eyes’ ciliary muscles weaken and an increased rigidity and hardening of the lens reduce their ability to focus and to adjust to different levels of light with ease.

How Much More Light do Elderly Eyes Need?

Elderly people need more light and are much more sensitive to glare. They therefore need plenty of lighting and as well shielded so as to manage the cases of glare.

17 Proven Lighting Improvements For Seniors

1. Seniors Need More cooler Lights

Using  the incandescent lights in the house of the elderly, makes them uncomfortable because they are warmer lights. Cooler lights tend to be more bright. Installing the cooler light will help the elderly be In a position to read and differentiate different colors.

2. Use light with less contrast.

Eyes of an aging person have very low ability to manage a contrasting light and are very slow in detecting and adapting to changes in lighting. Ambient lighting is more safer  when installed on areas such as stairways and hallway. Objects fixed within the living environment, causing contrast to the lighting may cause destruction and  attract possibilities of accidents to the elderly. Lighting from outside might outdo the lighting inside the house in terms of brightness and this should be managed by installation of  higher level  illumination to reduce the struggle of the elderly to cope with light changes.

3. Elderly Need More Task Light

Dimmable pendants or chandeliers in the dining room are suitable for a delightful illumination to ease eating and other activities. Reading light controls should be fixed within areas where this seniors can afford to reach without struggling. Good lighting in areas such as kitchen helps easy preparation of meals.

4. Make Task Lighting as Adjustable as Possible

Availability of light intensity, location and direction adjustment options, to the elderly is an added advantage because they are able to perform their activities with ease. Installation of multiple bulbs can be more safer than using only a single bulb with high level of illumination.

5. Use Indoor Lighting That Mimics Nature’s Patterns

Considering  installing a lighting devices that are auto in their functioning, That is, their brightness will always match the nature. Brighter during the day and deem and slight warm light in the evening. That pattern will help  aid the Natural circadian rhythm.

6. Use Dimming Controls

Dimmers are nice for controlling the level of illumination depending on the time of the day following the high sensitivity of older people’s eyes to lighting.

7. Use scene controls

The automation of lighting control, whereby multiple bulbs can be controlled by a single object such as smart phone has been improvised and is there in the technology. Installing this modern lighting technology to the house of the elderly can be so comfortable  for their stay. Availability of LED lights and LED dimmer lights  makes it possible to adjust the color of lighting too. It might seem so expensive and time consuming to consider this option but once the environment is well lit, the comfort of living in there becomes something to admire.

8. Seniors Benefit From More Light

Due to the reduced power of the eyes of the aging people, there is need for increased lighting in their residence. This is to allow and help them maintain the range of view they used to have . They also spend more time at home and therefore, their houses need to have lights to enable them see.

9. Indoor Lighting Contributes to Safety and Independent Living

Availing the ambient light which is a nice lighting for aiding navigation in the house is a cool idea regarding the elderly. While in their rooms, th6 elderly sometimes engage themselves to certain activities which need aid in lighting. This therefore calls for consideration of installing bright task light.

10. Make Lighting Switches Accessible

Consider making accessible light switches where they  can be easily reached by the elderly in case of emergency.

11. Bathroom lighting

Provision of light in the bathrooms is more safer to avoid accidents and falls. Most bathrooms are covered with shiny surfaces. For the aged, this is not such favorable and you should consider establishing vanities which are set pointing upside to avoid direct light. Abundant and sufficient lighting in the bathrooms if more advisable to improve the vision of the seniors.

12. Opaque shade fixturesProven Lighting For Seniors | 17 Improvements

This helps disperse the light to aid reduce glare. Fabric and glass are best suit for glare free shades. Which are in good position to conceal direct line of light from the bulb.

13. Installation of lampshade

Fitting lampshades helps in reducing the direct line of sight to the lighting bulb. Should always be on the lookout to facilitate installation of lampshades to safeguard the seniors from direct lights from the bulb to their eyes.

14. Avoid over-using recessed

Recessed are cool and more appealing in the house as they are more technical out of their layer lighting in rooms. This is only when they are the only option for the illumination in the house. For the seniors, they cause shadows which can make activities seem hard and more dangerous to be undertaken.

15. Consider lighting up the walls

Dark walls are known to absorb light compared to the white walls. It’s therefore advisable to improve the wall painting and repaint it white to avoid glare. Also the ceiling should have a reflecting painting of approximately 80-90 reflective value. This will improve the brightness of the lighting inside the house.

16. Prominent switch boards

The switchboard always get out of our attention but they are quite important for superb lighting. Make sure the switchboards are accessible to older people, especially if they are crippled or disabled walking using wheelchairs .You don’t want them stumbling in the dark looking for switches and getting hurt in the process. The switchboards must be in their areas of reach so that they can easily reach them.

17. Increased sunlight

The best source of lighting is natural light that is sunlight. Make sure you open all the curtains and blinds during the day, especially in the senior’s room. This natural lighting  is better than artificially installed lights. To increase the amount of lighting, you can increase the number of windows. Make them larger and install screen doors.

Emergency lighting for the elderly mounted close to the floor would better direct residents to safety.  The same is true for night time lighting the path to the bathroom.

Visual comfort being so essential, large diffused sources are more preferable rather than point sources.

Embrace Layers

Since it is difficult to increase light levels to a certain degree of satisfaction from single lighting source, you should consider installation of many layers of light up to maximum of your ability. Think of wall sconces, light valences, recessed lights, ceiling lights and portables.  It’s very difficult to get satisfactory lighting only from lamps alone, it’s therefore a very encouraging act to accommodate this other lighting sources.

Check the wattage limits

Confirm whether it’s possible to increase the wattage of your fixtures . In case of possibilities , look for a new bulbs, being careful not to exceed  the maximum wattage of the fixtures in the house. Assuming your fixture maximum is 60 watts and you already have 60w incandescent bulbs installed. It’s advisable to use 2 Compact Fluorescent (CFL) or Light Emitting Diode (LED) bulbs because a 15 watt CFL or a 10 watt LED will give you the same light as a 60 watt incandescent bulb.  Although they are not suited for every situation, using them you can get up to 4 times more light by switching to CFL and 6 times more light by changing to LED.

Outdoor lights

Make sure quality task lighting is sufficient in the seniors working area . In cold climate consider using LED only if you frequently visit your garage or incandescent may be more favorable in case the visits to the garage are common.  For elderly secure footing, the outdoor lighting is very essential for their eyes. Enough light should be enhanced by the entrances and exits for the safety of the elderly.

Kitchen lighting

Kitchens require a combination of ambient and task lighting with a control installed at the kitchen door place. The control should be made in such a way it can facilitate general control of the lighting in the kitchen. They should have a specialized low level of light during the night.

Every area should have additional ambient illumination to the task lighting. This helps improve the transmittance of the seniors’ eyes.

Touch lamps

The elderly tend to lose their flexibility of movement and strength. This makes it difficult to adjust and operate regular lamp knobs which are either fitted on the wall. It will be therefore easy for the seniors to use lights which are operated simply by touching. Improving the lamps for the seniors is more favorable for their easy  and comfortable stay.

Conclusions

Human eye ability declines from 100% at 25 to 25% at age 70 therefore elderly people need much more light to be able to see clearly to perform basic tasks. The aging have to be given the best quality of life that good designing of their living environment has to offer. This includes lighting with favorable features to recommended practice. Good lighting for senior facilities alleviate vision issues that can occur with aging, supporting visual accuracy as well improving their ability to manage brightness and color contrast. I hope the above points have helped you to understand how sensitive proper lighting is for seniors. Houses installed with proper lighting and spaces will enable them to perform their tasks with ease and also reduces their chance of falling and getting injured. You can get even re-consider getting different types of lighting from your local store.

 

 

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Energy Conservation Tips For Elderly

For senior residents living on a fixed salary, covering utility expenses can be a challenge. That is the reason why it’s imperative to receive energy conservation tips that will help make your home progressively productive. These energy conservation tips may assist you with eliminating superfluous power utilize this late spring, while at the same time bringing down your service bills.

Replace Your Air Filter Frequently

You may believe you’re setting aside cash by utilizing that air channel longer than you should, however a filthy channel can really support your cooling costs. A stopped-up air channel makes the A/C work more enthusiastically to arrive at indoor regulator set focuses, and that implies you’re utilizing more force. Not changing the channel may even prompt hardware breakdowns. Furthermore, a spotless air channel additionally causes you keep moistness levels down with the goal that you don’t feel hotter than you should.

HVAC Maintenance

Calendar your regular HVAC checkups two times every year with your HVAC proficient. Normal upkeep on your framework will keep it running most productively and enduring longer than frameworks that don’t get ordinary support. Likewise, during standard support, little issues can be analyzed and settled before they transform into bigger, progressively costly fixes.

Change to Smart Energy Bulbs

It’s ideal to forego radiant lights and change to progressively proficient LED or fluorescent lighting. Customary bulbs consume more electricity and result in extra costs.

Fix air spills

Your molded air might be spilling out in various destinations around the home. Use caulk, weatherstripping or protection to seal air spills around entryway and window outlines, recessed lighting, baseboards, pipes, wires, links, electric switches and attachments. Request that your HVAC expert check your ventilation work and fix any breaks or detached fragments.

Cook little

Utilizing these littler apparatuses will shield your home from warming up so you don’t require such a great amount of power to chill it. You can likewise warm water in the microwave or in an electric pot. You should be avoiding all the energy consuming tactic because you have a sufficient income and you need to understand that life is much lovable and enjoyable when lived simply. If you thrush towards fantasies and complexions – you would end up in a delicate situation.

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How To Reduce Energy Costs At Home

Having high electricity bills? Congrats, you are at the right place. These amazingly helpful tips will help you lower your utility bills.

Adjust Your Routine First

To reduce energy costs of your home, you don’t really need to go out and buy vitality proficient items. Vitality protection can be as straightforward as killing lights or apparatuses when you needn’t bother with them. You can likewise utilize energy consuming machines less by performing family unit undertakings physically, for example, hang-drying your garments as opposed to placing them in the dryer, or washing dishes by hand.

The modifications that have the most noteworthy potential for utility investment funds are turning down the warmth on your indoor regulator in the winter and utilizing your climate control system less in the mid-year. Warming and cooling costs establish almost 50% of a normal home’s service bills, so these decreases in the force and recurrence of warming and cooling offer the best reserve funds.

Try to Replace Your Light Bulbs

Customary bulbs devour an extreme measure of power and should be supplanted with all other energy options you have. Halogen bulbs, compact fluorescent bulbs (CFLs), and light-emitting diode bulbs (LEDs) use somewhere in the range of 25-80% less power and last three to multiple times longer than customary bulbs. In spite of the fact that vitality effective bulbs are increasingly costly off the rack, their proficient vitality utilize and longer assistance lives imply that they cost less over the long haul.

Get Smart Power Strips

Power utilized by gadgets when they are off or in reserve mode, is one of the major sources of wasting electrical energy. Truth be told, it is evaluated that 75% of the energy used to control family unit hardware is expended when they are turned off, which can cost you up to $200 every year. Smart power strips eliminate the issue of apparition stacks by stopping the ability to gadgets when they are not being used. So, if you want to reduce energy costs, and bills – then, it is mandatory for you to utilize these smart power strips.

Buy Smart Energy Appliances

Overall, appliances are liable for generally 13% of your absolute family energy use. When obtaining an electrical appliance, you should focus on two numbers: the underlying price tag and the yearly working expense. In spite of the fact that smart energy appliances for the most part have higher buy costs; their working expenses are 9-25% lower than ordinary models. When obtaining a smart energy appliance, you should search for machines with the ENERGY STAR mark, which is a government ensure that the machine will devour less energy during use and when on backup than standard non-energy productive models. Energy investment funds contrast dependent on the particular apparatus. For instance, ENERGY STAR ensured garments washers expend 25% less energy and 45% less water than regular ones, while ENERGY STAR fridges utilize just 9% less energy.

Try to Insulate Your Home

Insulation assumes a key job in bringing down your service charges through holding heat throughout the winter and keeping heat out of your home throughout the late spring. Many electrical engineers and home planners advise that we should focus on insulating our homes by the means of constructional practices instead of consuming energy. This would have a strong impact on lowering your electricity bills.

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Kitchen modifications for the elderly

It is true that the elderly are weak to some extent and they need care most of the time. however, most of them decide not to stay in the elderly communities, nursing homes or even get assisted within their homes. With that said it does not mean that we should not care about them at all. These are among the vulnerable people and we need to be the first to make them have a comfortable stay. For one we would want to get them a decent home where their access to materials and resources has to be made easy. In their kitchen, this is also needed. They need a kitchen that they can use without struggles and where they can serve their meals without straining. This now begs for the ideal organization and structuring of the kitchen that fits the needs of the elderly. What if you had initially made a kitchen? No doubt you would need to modify it. How so? In this article, I am going to show you some of the modifications that you can make in a kitchen that will be used by elderly people like grandmas and grandpas.

Flooring

The floor of the kitchen should be one of the main areas to modify. The floor in the kitchen area can have spills which when not well looked at can lead to accidents due to slips and falls. Use non-slip tiles for the floor. A slippery floor is a threat to everyone leaves alone the elderly. Therefore avoid such a floor that can lead to damages by getting a floor that can counter sleep by applying a slip prevention texture. A floor made of tiles is rigid and the elderly can have a hard time standing on it for a long while. This is because they may have hip or back pain.  Therefore the best floor for the elderly is the vinyl, wood or linoleum. A floor made of such materials prevents accidents and is comfortable for the elderly to stand on. If the elderly person is moving using the wheelchair wood floor will prove to be the best floor for their easy movements.  Therefore making the kitchen area with the right type of floor keeping in mind the challenges the floor can face to the elderly can be the best decision. They really need that.

Lighting

The kitchen area needs light for you to see the progress of the cooking or even help the elderly see where they are heading. Most elderly people have poor eyesight. Therefore the kitchen is one of their worksites that needs to have a conducive environment. For one avoid too bright lights that will make them strain to open their eyes.  During the day regulate the specific amount of sunlight and balance it with artificial lights so that they get a clear sight of their kitchen. Use average lighting and plan the lighting such that it reaches all the kitchen spaces. Make sure that even the cabinet area has good lights. Illuminate all the kitchen areas even those normally for your home will be dark. Keep in mind that you want their life to be easy.  Switches should be simple and easy to use. Place the switches strategically for them to see. At the entrance of the kitchen have a light that is within reach and easy to locate so that they see where they are heading, otherwise, they would have an accident by stepping on sharp objects.  Automatic light switches work effectively for such purposes. This is because they light automatically whenever someone enters the kitchen. They eliminate the need to keep searching for the switch in the darkroom.

Oven, plates and burners

Heat exposure for elderly people might bring out good results. They may be hurt by excess heat and get sick. The amount of heat you expose your old mother or grandmother can determine the amount of time left for her to live. At times ovens and burners can be a cause of the excess heat even after the cooking was long finished. For you to get the best kitchen area that allows even for the elderly to live handle, have an automatic shut off hot plates, ovens and burners. Choose the best burner that will reduce the heat on the cooking and serving dishes so fats. The main goal is to make the room less hot after cooking and avoid accidents that may result from handling a hot plate.

Use simple controls

Mastering all these new technological tricks for the elderly is a hell of a task. It feels like punishing them. Therefore get the simple controls right from the lighting, to the other kitchenware. Use the cookers with simple knobs that they can master easily. For the fridge find a simple one that has simple handles and that opens with ease. Automatic lights which are common for most fridges will help them see inside the fridge and get what they need. Have pull out shelves for the house cabinet to make them easy to use because these are easy to pull because they roll smoothly.

Large numbers

For the kitchenware and item, location tags use large numbers and letters. The elderly will strain to read small numbers and they may confuse what they need with something else. For example, they might not be able to get the sugar dish that they are looking for. This might end in poor cooking because they might have picked the salt dish and put salt in the coffee. It will be a total mess in the kitchen area if such confusion happens. Tags help but only when the kitchen user can understand what is on the tags. Now make big numbers and letters for the easier and well-achieved result.

Use automatic shut off range motion sensors

For energy saving purposes, having lights that go on and off automatically is an advantage to the elderly people. Therefore they will not have to exploit their pension to get the expensive power and electricity bills. To save on that use automatic lights and automatic hand washers that shut off once they finish working on them. Lights that can sense motions and get on and get off depending on the range of the motion will be the perfect choice for the elderly people’s kitchen. The refrigerator also needs such lights inside it in order to work properly. Once the door is open they should light on to ensure the needed visibility. It rhymes with the trend because the world is full of automation than ever. The elderly will enjoy having these gadgets.

Heat resistant handles

Having ovens and cooking utensils that have heat resistant handles saves the elderly from the big accidents that they may experience. Handles made of plastic might be a choice but it is a consideration to make o how the handles are made. When cooking there is a high need to handle the cooking utensils either when getting them on and off the burners. Therefore there is a high risk of getting the hand burned when the handles are not heat resistant. For the elderly, the burn may take months to heal because they have fewer growths. Therefore taking precautions in advance can be the best practice.

Lower sinks

The depth of the sink and the height of the counter may determine how strainful it may be for the elderly to get to the sink level. The sink is one of the most important areas of the kitchen that cannot be left behind in your remodeling. You need to make sure the sink is not deep and is at a low height. Why? High height might force the elderly step on something to reach while deep sinks will give the elderly a hard time to pick utensils that are at the bottom of the sink. They will have to bend too down, something the elderly should not do due to back pains.

Well-arranged items and equipment

Orderliness in the kitchen helps create the best practice in the kitchen. If everything is kept at a specific location then the elderly will get them with ease. Having racks and categorizing items in terms of calories, serving dishes, cooking tools and serving spoons, then diving the areas to keep them will be the best practice.

Use induction cook top

You may wonder what is induction cooktop is and how it may help the elderly. The induction cooktop is an energy-efficient device that uses electromagnetic fields to heat up a pan while leaving the cooking surface cool to the touch and without heating up the kitchen. Defining an induction cooktop in one sentence mentions at least one advantage. Imagine cooking in a normal room. No heat change and no changes in the temperature that are brought about by the cooking! That is just what everyone would want. The elderly need less heat to their body. Exposure to high heat can make them sick and dehydrated.

The induction cooktop is cook on its outside and it provides the best and ideal environment for the elderly. They are able to get near the kitchen cooking area as often as they want because they cannot suffer from the heat. This cooking gadget has no flame and no radiant heat is produced.

The gadget has fast cooking speed than any other electric or gas cookers and burners. They heat faster and this way they make the work fast for the elderly. One can control the heat and they are known to respond fast to adjustments too. The change is just down right away.

The induction cooktops shut off automatically when there is no pan on them or when the pan on them is empty. What a gadget! You eliminate the possible causes of accidents in the kitchen. The elderly have high chances of forgetting the points on the kitchen cookers without switching off the cooker. This might bring out the tremendous results in the process. Having an induction cooktop is the best choice.

The cooker also eliminates the need for bending to get to the cooking zone. They are in reasonable height that can be used while standing. The cooking is made easy for the elderly because they won’t bother their back by bending and straining to stand every now and then.

The induction cooktop is the best cooking device to use because it uses less power in the house. There is a wide variety of cooking varieties that you can find out there but the induction cooktop is the best of the best. Things are easier for the elderly when they use this type of cooker because they save their pensions for other bothersome activities like their health status.

The knobs are easy to use and they are well labeled .they are simple to control and to learn their working setting. There are different knobs and even the thermometer to keep checking the degree of cooking. This is the perfect one for an elderly person because they need to monitor their cooking and adjust to the right speed.

Kitchen modification for elderly living areas is a must-do thing. The elderly cannot do a variety of things they would do before. They cannot bend for long, stand for long, or act faster therefore the induction cooktop is the best for them.

Seniors cook the best foods

While the elderly need a comfortable life and healthy living, they have to cook the best foods. The best foods that will help them be strong and energetic for living. Therefore it is wise to make their kitchen simple and organized and also well maintained and modified with their picture in mind. The allocation of the kitchenware and the whole kitchen, in general, should just be the ideal simplicity that the aged need. Kitchen modification will just help achieve the right kitchen. Use simple floor that prevents slipping, have automatic lights for all the parts, use low sinks have an induction cooktop as your choice of cooker. This way you will have made a kitchen for the elderly. The right kitchen for the elderly will give them happy living because they cook happily and smoothly.

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House Modifications For Elderly

When we look towards the future, we need to look at what house modifications for elderly we should make. Are the home modifications expensive for a low income couple? Since the labor cost is so high, will we be able to have a great interior design for seniors? Are your goals to stay out of the nursing homes and elder care, and create an aging in place home? Then our goal is to provide you with dozens of articles that will provide home modifications to enable your home remodel to have a universal design that is livable and safe.

Introduction

Whenever census results are presented, one fact always stands out; senior citizens are what make up most of the countries’ fastest-growing population. For example, in the U.S, statistics show that the senior citizens have the highest growth rate, surpassing the generation population growth by 9.7 percent to 15.1 percent, (Driving Population Growth and An Aging Nation, 2019).

Sometimes it is wise to seek a home assessment on your whole property to determine if wheelchair ramps, proper grade on your property, wheelchair accessibility, indoor and outdoor ramp, and any other home modifications. Once you are inside of your home, determine if a walkin tub, shower chairs or any assistive technology could help any modifications for the elderly that may assist in fall prevention. Our goal is to keep you provide caregiving tips that will keep you from slipping and falling by creating threshold ramps, how to widen doorways, install a grab upgrade your bathroom floor, or install a smart light  throughout the home.

As people age, they tend to lose major aspects such as their strength, mobility as well as agility. With these changes, the homes that they live in could actually become a nuisance or even dangerous at times. For instance, the kitchen floor may become harder for the senior citizens to navigate, causing aching joints and getting in and out of the bathtubs may become even harder, among other things.

In such cases, most people with aging relatives opt to move them into large care facilities and home health aides/home care facilities. However, in most cases, senior care provided at large care facilities and home health aides comes along with higher costs and expenses incurred. Most people cannot afford such senior care at care home facilities. Furthermore, most senior citizens find it really traumatic to be taken away from their homes, to live in these assisted living communities. Hence, despite the fact that living in large care facilities ensures proper personalized care for the aging population, this move might cost the senior community their happiness and health in the long-run.

The good news is that you don’t have to move your senior parent or relative to a home care facility. You can improve the lifestyle of senior citizens in their very own homes! This would involve making changes in the way their homes are designed, to make their homes safer and more livable. These changes do not have to be very big nor very expensive. Even “simple design choices can allow seniors to safely live independently for longer,” (Aging in Place Guide, 2016). Indeed, the smallest design renovations can have potentially life-saving impacts!

Interior designing is a senior’s home is very important and should be considered with great weight. This is because interior designs have major effects on aspects involving the senior living community, for instance, its revenue, happiness, reputation and staff morale. This article shows some interior designs and upgrades ideas that will not only make the senior communities’ homes more secure but also more homely than they already are. Read along and explore!

Importance of House Modifications For Elderly  

It is important to design homely environments for the elderly population. This is because, no one intends to live in dark houses, or homes that are worn and outdated, regardless of their age. Everyone, including the senior citizens, wants to live in comfortable and attractive homes that have the ‘home-like’ appeal.

Good designs are especially important for senior housing. This is because most of the older adults spent the majority of their time at home. Hence, the designs at their home can have a great influence on their moods and general attitude.

Furthermore, the designs of a home have been known to have great impacts on the overall happiness of senior citizens. Good designs can help promote a senior citizen’s joy and happiness. A happy attitude, in turn, results in better health and well-being of the senior community.

Senior Living Interior Design Ideas by Room

“Designing spaces that contribute to the health of the people who inhabit them is a complex task that requires skill and expertise,” (the American Society of Interior Designer, 1975). Design professionals, who have a deeper understanding of the health and wellness of the senior living, can provide the best advice on the senior living interior designs that can help provide our aged loved ones with a safe and comfortable independent living.

The following are some of the designs for senior living and elements that can be upgraded to ensure a safe and comfortable independent living for our loved ones. These interior design ideas consider each room in a senior citizen’s home and the upgrades that can be made:

1.) The Kitchen

Senior living interior designs for the kitchen are especially important for the older population that loves to cook and spent their time in the kitchen. The designs could include changing the kitchen floors to softer flooring. Softer flooring would be gentle on the joints. It would also make standing much more comfortable.

You could also decide to include anti-fatigue floor mats. However, when choosing these mats, you have to ensure that they’re non-slip and consist of a no-curl, beveled edge. This reduces the chances of our older loved ones slipping.

Another interior design option would be to invest in a sturdy stool. The senior citizen can sit on this stool while cooking. This is because the senior community finds it harder to stand for longer periods, as they age.

Also, you can upgrade lighting for better illumination of the stove, the sink, and any other dimly lit spaces. Better lighting ensures that the senior citizens do not cut themselves with knives nor get burned by the stoves.

For the senior loved ones on wheelchairs, you can install roll-under sinks in the kitchen for safe and easy access. Also, you should avoid installing cabinets over stoves. Otherwise, a senior one can end up leaning over hot surfaces and risk getting hurt, especially when their balance is impaired. You can, rather, install drawers under the countertop, in places of lower cabinets. You could also make these cabinets D-type pulls for easier gripping when one opens and closes the cabinets.

2.) The Bathroom

There are many designs that can help make bathrooms more user-friendly and easier for aging adults to navigate. By making modifications for seniors aging, we are able to eliminate potential accidents before they happen. For instance, when building a new shower, you can install a no-threshold or a walk-in shower. With this, your loved ones won’t need to step over the bathtub in order to get in, or you can install a walk in tub. If you are renovating an already existing shower, you can install base-row wall tiles that are different from the floor tiles. This will help the older adults distinguish between the walls and the floor more easily.

In order to facilitate balance, you can add shower rails and grab bars to provide the older ones more support. Also, you can include permanent or foldable seats for those older adults who find it difficult to stand on their own. Another design would be to install a handheld showerhead, with an adjustable height. This would enable better maneuverability and independent bathing by the older adult. Shelving and shower caddies can also be included to make the toiletries easily accessible.

It would also be important to consider the toilet height, especially for those older adults with limited mobility. For the showers, you can install thermostat controls as well as anti-scald water devices. The maximum recommended water temperature for senior living is 120 degrees.

With the aim of preventing falls in the bathroom, you can place non-slip mats on the shower floors and make replacements of any slippery floor tiles with the textured vinyl flooring. You can also opt for a shower curtain, rather than sliding shower doors, in bathrooms with both bathtubs and shower combos.

3.) The Living Room

You can create tidy and simple furniture arrangements in your loved one’s living room. Such an arrangement would ensure easy navigation and also keep the living room clear of clutter. You can install grab bars, especially on the walls that are next to your loved one’s couch or chair. The grab bars make it easier for them to stand up.

You can also consider including lift chairs in the living room. Like grab bars, they make getting up from the chairs much safer. For those aged ones who use a walker, you can arrange the living room to accommodate this, such that the loved ones forget to focus on their stability, as they try to maneuver through space.

4.) The Bedroom

In the bedroom, you can get rid of throw rugs and mats. Then, replace the flooring with soft, plush carpet. Such soft carpet will not only be easy on the senior’s joints but also help in keeping the room warmer as well as provide friction necessary for preventing falls.

If the closets of your loved ones tend to become cluttered, you could consider getting them, closet organizers. These will help keep the clothing easily accessible and, hence, prevent tripping and falling of the older adults over clothes and shoes, as they try to reach out for far clothing.

You can also place a sturdy chair, either in or near their closet, so that they can sit on while dressing. Electrically adjustable beds can also be a wise consideration, as they help older adults get up safely from the beds. In homes where the older generation’s bedrooms are upstairs, one could install a stair lift for easier navigation of the older adults.

It is best to install two-way switches in the bedroom; for turning on when entering through the door and turning off from the bedside.

Aspects To Consider for Senior Living Interior Design

In addition to designing the individual rooms of the seniors’ homes, the following aspects should also be considered to ensure maximum senior care:

1.) Communication

Since the aging population is highly prone to emergencies than the general population, it is very important to install advanced communication systems and technologies in senior living homes. You can install alarm systems and intercoms at the main doors and gates.

2.) Lighting

It should be ensured that the senior living community has enough lighting for navigation. Upgrading lighting in a seniors’ living facilities helps in preventing falls, bumping and getting lost. Interior lighting, also, has the advantage in that it helps a senior citizen know what time of day it is. This is especially important for senior citizens since they spent most of their time indoors.

For the elderly population with faulty depth perception, it is important to reduce glare and shadows, which could create trip hazards for these seniors. This can be done by installing indirect lighting. When you plan ahead with different types of home modifications, please install a few light switches in the home should have an illumination of some sort on the switch or plate.

Also, in order to minimize the number of times that light sources have to be changed, you can install LED fixtures. The recommended color temperature for the light sources of senior living communities is between 2,700 and 3,000, with a color rendering index of 100.

To reduce glare and shadows, which create trip hazards for seniors with faultier depth perception, install indirect lighting. To reduce how often you’ll need to change light bulbs, install LED fixtures. The Aging in Place guide recommends a color temperature between 2,700 and 3,000, as well as a color rendering index of 100.

3.) Color choices

When people age, eyesight begins to fail. Color can be used in senior living facilities to help improve their visibility. High contrast colors can make things clearly visible to a senior citizen. For instance, you can paint the raised toilet seat and the sink white, to enable an elderly adult to locate these in a bathroom with darker colors.

Colors also have an effect on the moods of the aging population. Painting their homes with colors such as soft pinks, greens, reds, and orange can help them feel more at home. Red and orange colors, in turn, improve their energy levels and also stimulate appetite for older adults with cognitive impairments. Blue and warm grey colors have calming effects on seniors and help reduce their agitation.

In summary, bright colors can add joy to the elderly population and must be considered as well as interior design additions. On the other hand, dark colors should be avoided in a senior’s home. For instance, dark blues are at most times confused by seniors to be black, or conveyed as voids and holes in fabrics and floor, hence, should be avoided in the interior designing.

4.) Outdoor spaces

Research studies that are conducted show that there are health benefits associated with spending time outdoors. Going outside helps in the reduction of stress and aches, increases a person’s creativity and brain function, increases the intake of vitamin D, improves the quality of a person’s sleep and speeds up recovery for the sick ones. Sun exposure is also important as it helps in the maintenance of healthy circadian rhythm.

With this in mind, it is important to consider creating more outdoor spaces for our senior loved ones. Or, if you already have outdoor space, you can consider upgrading it. The outdoor spaces must be designed such that they facilitate mobility and encourage social activities. Also remember that as we grow older, we may have a physical limitation or two that we may want to be mindful of in our exterior designs. We need to encourage and enable aging in our future, and consider the types of home that we currently live in.

Interior Design for Seniors Does Make a Difference

By implementing, even just a few of the senior living interior design ideas explained above can make such a great difference in your senior loved one’s lifestyle and quality of life. These interior designs will not only make your loved ones be happy in their homes but will also provide living facilities that are safe and fit for independent living.

Try out some of these interior designs for seniors, and watch your aged loved ones wake up daily with smiles and satisfaction written on their faces!

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12 Home Improvement Costs (Home Repair List)

When you include your emotions and hard-earned money, Home Improvement and Remodeling is very exciting and challenging. Any home remodel will involve some of our own energy, and also that of many professional trades people. 

What are the most common home repairs?

  1. Foundation Repairs average between $4,000 and $10,000. Insurance does not cover foundation damage caused by typical soil compaction or movement.
  2. Roof Replacement costs average between $7,200 and $10,460. Our roof was replaced 3 years ago for a few dollars under $12,000 in the Portland, Oregon area. Be careful that you do not take the cheapest bid among your minimum of 3 bids. When you are looking at replacing your roof, you may be needing an emergency patch, or maybe you can wait until the end of summer when you can get better pricing. Bids are based on the size of the roof, and not the square footage of your home.
  3. Replacement of Water Heater can range between $500 for 40 gallon electric water heaters, to $1,500 for 60 gallon gas water heater. If your water heater is several decades old, then you may need to upgrade water pipes, cracking electrical wires, hurricane strapping and a stand that keeps the pilot light 18″ above the floor to prevent risks of gas explosion.
  4. Termite Damage typically costs around $3,000. These bugs can damage our homes without us even seeing any signs of their activity. This summer, I began pulling the flooring away from one of my rooms in my home. At first, I saw some very, very fine sawdust and thought that it was from when the home was built 40 years ago. That was not the case. For the next several weeks, I continues to remove structural beams and tongue and groove 2×6’s that had been destroyed from termites. During the whole process, I never saw one living termite.
  5. Water Damage projects costs average around $2,700, but often near $7,500. There are contractors that I work with that make very good money cleaning the aftermath of broken pipes containing water and sewer pipe content. The projects that I have worked on typically range between $10-15,000 because of the cleanup process. If sewage is involved, then the requirements needed to protect breathing and touching the waste cause the price to increase, and the labor costs to increase.
  6. Repair or Install New Pipes cost between $8,000 and $10,000 for homes that are older and need to be updated. All of the pipes in our home begin to rust at some point of time if they are built with copper, steel or galvanized and cast iron. Today, plumbers use many different types of plastics that do not break down such as PEX (polyethylene). One time I was flipping a home and one of the pipes to the back bathroom had a leak under a cement floor. The plumber needed to cut the concrete and attempt to locate a broken pipe that was 15″ under the slab, then repair the line and fill concrete back over the new pipes. I forgot to mention that I also needed to repair the carpet in that room. Let’s just say that it cost me more than the original bid by several thousand dollars.
  7. Heating/AC Replacement (HVAC) costs between $4,800 and $9,580. There are so many variables with the heating and cooling of a home system. We went into a home to flip one time and out of habit always pull the heating duct cover off and check the ductwork. It was so gross that I immediately walked out of the home. There was a dead rat, cheerios, toys, dirt and dust and other things that I can’t put a name to. In order to make this home livable, we would have needed to remove and replace all the ductwork in this 3,000 square foot home and have someone tear off all the sheetrock and insulation in the ceilings and walls.
  8. Mold Removal/Remediation starts around $500 and can reach $6,000 for larger projects. Lawyers reference this repair as “Mold is Gold”. Mold can cause all kinds of sicknesses and no one likes to find this black fungus. 
  9. Septic Tank Repairs cost between $900 and $1,500. Installations average around $6,000 for a 1,000 gallon tank. Leach field repairs average around $1,500 for replacing a broken pipe which leads to the tank. The price of a leach field replacement is between $5,000 and $20,000. This is the most costly portion of the septic system. For comparison, a new septic field with a 1,500 gallon tank will cost between $15-25,000. Leach fields typically last around 20 years before needing repairs or replacement. Drain fields are between 18-30″ inches in depth, and then covered with 36″ of soil.
  10. Asbestos Removal costs between $20 and $65 per square foot. A homeowner that begins a project dealing with asbestos should count on an average project starting around $1,500.
  11. Driveway Repairs range between $3.00 per square foot on up for basic concrete and blacktop. Concrete flat work in our area has doubled in the past 2 years. We pay around $16-20 per foot for concrete and around $15 per square foot for block or decorative stone. If you live in the country, then you can put up with the holes and save enough money to drive around the hole(s). I remember our driveway in the country when I was growing up during the late 1970’s, and we had one of the worst winters in history. The Columbia River surface was completely frozen except for the channel, and the nearby Sandy River surface was frozen all the way over. When the freeze began to thaw, our family driveway was impassable. My dad said to stay off of it and it would settle back down in a few weeks…which it did. There were spots on the gravel/dirt driveway that were a foot taller than other areas.
  12. Electricians charge $110-150 for the first hour in our region. Last year I was involved in a complete wiring replacement in an older 1950’s home. We changed all the wiring from dried out 2-wire, to 3-wire which added a ground to the old home. All the 220 lines were replaced and all light fixtures were upgraded. The panel was replaced for about $1,500 and the home was safe again.  

**We are using price averages from several sites on the internet for home renovations and remodeling costs. Since every city and state has projects costs that range 50% or more, it is difficult to provide pricing statistics for your region or country. 

11 Home Improvement Variables To Consider:most common home repairs, home repair cost, woman-and-older-man-sitting-at-a-table

When you are ready to start a bathroom or a kitchen remodel, or another project on your house, consider getting involved with the process. Below you will find 11 valuable items to consider when starting your project, and you will gain great satisfaction in keeping the project on task.

  1. Grab Your Gloves. Will you help with the remodel? You can help clean up the work area and keep it clear and safe. You can help with City permits by driving down to the city or county to deliver drawings and other items. You may want to be the project manager and hire each local contractor yourself (electrical, plumber, painter, flooring, and don’t forget my favorite hot tub installer).
  2. Location. While each state has similar minimum wages, private contractors do not follow a similar pay scale. You may find that contractors in your area are higher or lower than your state average; while surrounding states are completely different.
  3. Big Box. Do you have large commercial building supply stores in your city or region? If your local contractor needs to buy his/her goods from a city that is several hundred miles away, then the shipping costs will be transferred to your project.
  4. Permits. I do not even like talking about this subject, but it is a necessary evil. As a home inspector for several years, I saw the benefits of having a system that we can measure against. While the costs vary in every city, you can either call or check online to get an estimate before your project begins.
  5. Noise. It is always surprising how many homeowners get upset with a local contractor because of the noise or dust that they get in their living room. Contractor equipment may even get louder than your television that is always at the maximum level. You will get dust in other areas of your house: Guaranteed. It is hard to believe sometimes, but not all contractors clean up after themselves. You may need to pay insane prices to get them to show up at your home , and then need to remind them that they need to put plastic on the carpeted floors, or close the door to the room that is being remodeled, or bring in a temporary porta-potty to use instead of the backyard tree for all of your neighbors to see.
  6. Contracts. Some of you live in the country and still believe that a ‘hand-shake’ is all that you need. I recommend highly to reconsider this coveted gesture. Whether this is your best friend or a local contractor, the courtrooms are full of well-meaning people who needed to settle in court. Make sure that you have called your home insurance company and checked on your coverage, and we also recommend purchasing an ‘umbrella’ policy that additionally covers your house and wherever you go. Imagine a home painter on a 30′ ladder that falls and gets seriously injured. His liability insurance is only for ONE million. That seems like a lot, but a few weeks in the hospital today could exceed his coverage. Where does the remaining money come from? Your insurance. If you can’t pay, then your house is the next on the chopping block. So we recommend purchasing additional insurance for major projects, or require the contractor to get a two or five million additional rider to cover any accidents.
  7. Neighbors. Yep, this is not always a fun topic. Sometimes your neighbors just need a reason to come over and see your new home improvement project. They walk in and step on a nail, or touch wet paint. They may be one of those pesty neighbors who want to stick their nose in everyone else’s business. We recommend telling the neighbors about the noise, local contractor vehicles and other distractions before your project begins. Tell them that you will have a fantastic ‘Open House’ (with free food) after the project is completed and that they will be (or not be) invited.
  8. Money. There are several ways to pay for your remodel (refinance, home equity, cash, other). Always be prepared for additional expenses that come along. Do NOT pay any contractor upfront for 100% of the invoice. Typically, you can negotiate half down, and half at completion. If the contractor does not agree, then look for another experienced contractor. Also, we recommend having a friend or family member look at the project before releasing the remaining fifty percent of the bill. Try finding a friend who is a handyman or someone who has built or remodeled their own home before…experience is always the best teacher.
  9. Timing. Remodeling our homes can take a lot of time. It is not uncommon for larger projects to go half a year or more. Sit down and take some time and look at your calendar. Do you want to have a project going on while your friends are over for Thanksgiving? Do you live in a cold and wet environment? Maybe you do not want additional mud carried throughout your house, so instead you want to start in the summer time.
  10. Health. Sometimes we are not prepared for an unknown health emergency. The least that you can do is to grab your calendar and see if there are any medical procedures that will keep you off your feet for a few days or weeks. At the same time, please consider that we are all vulnerable human beings. I personally watched the strongest man that I have ever known, my father, progress from walking normal, to cane, to walker, to manual wheelchair, to permanent wheelchair in less than two years. That process is horrible to watch…and for him to live through. Each of us have similar life experiences that we must be prepared to live through. Maybe you need to find a backup person that can help you get through your home improvement project in case a spouse, a friend, or yourself gets ill. Sorry to bring this up…but it is a reality.
  11. Project Management.Depending on your project size and cost, you may want to manage your own renovation, and you will be able to save some additional money. If you already are planning on watching and monitoring the project from your living room, then why not enjoy the home building process. Some of the skillsets that you will need are to manage the home improvement costs from start to finish (the budget). If you can manage the project budget, then you will be able to control the time management role. You will need to get at least three cost estimate bids from each different task you will need (plumber/electrician/flooring/HVAC/etc) When you know what you home remodeling costs are in advance, you will be able to manage the project more efficiently. Managing all of the time scheduling is like a puzzle, you will need to understand the building process. For example, just because the interior painting contractor is available, does not mean that he can begin working before you tear off the sheetrock to work on the plumbing, or install the tankless water heater. Just because the vinyl flooring contractor is available tomorrow, does not mean that he should install before all the other contractors drop their tools on the new floor and potentially damage the vinyl. You will also need to understand how long sheetrock takes to dry before it is painted, or if you can have electricians and plumbers working together in a small bathroom. You will need to put yourself in the shoes of the contractor and think like they do. The planning stage can be difficult if you do not know what the contractor will be doing, but if you are in doubt, ask the contractor how much time and space that they need. They will appreciate your concern and support. You will be in charge of your own time management for the project. If you get behind in your deadlines, then you are the only person to blame. Start by Defining your project, then Order the tasks, then Estimate the project costs and time frame, then Develop the schedule and stick to it. When the project is completed, you will have great satisfaction in knowing that you kept the budget, timeline and quality with your standards.

Enjoy the process of your remodel. Sometimes it is difficult to see the light at the end of the tunnel when we get frustrated with the extended timelines. The end result will be worth it.

We have included an info graphic below that provides some national estimates for your home remodel projects. Use the information as a guide to begin your remodeling process. If you would like an additional ear, please send us an email and we will do our best to get back to you. We want to provide valuable information for your future.

Before you begin your home improvement project, start with the basics. Go outside and start walking toward your home from the outside curb. What is your path? How do you get inside the house:

  1. Are there steps into your house? A concrete sidewalk that enters into your home with no steps is ideal in case someone needs to be using a walker or wheelchair in the future.
  2. Are your doors to your house 36″ wide? The entry door and interior doors should be wide enough so that someone in a wheelchair can maneuver easily into any room of the home.
  3. Are your hallways wide enough?
  4. Is your bathroom accessible for a wheelchair? Can a person use the toilet and shower that requires a 5′ area of turning radius access for maneuverability.
  5. Does your home have access into a bedroom for someone with mobility concerns?
  6. Are there grab bars located throughout your home? Do the stairs have grab rails on both sides of the stairs?
  7. Is your kitchen accessible for those with eyesight or mobility limitations? The oven needs to have controls on the front of the unit for viewing and so that a person in a wheelchair doesn’t burn their arm when they reach up and over the burner to turn off the temperature control knobs. Can a person in a wheelchair cook and clean the dishes?
  8. Does your carpet have holes or warn spots? We do not want anyone to trip on a loose rug or mat.

Once you feel that your home is able to provide a safe environment for the next decade, then you can start putting together your labor and materials spreadsheet, and grab that cost calculator. We will be writing more about safety items to be aware of in our future articles.

Some Questions About Home Remodeling:

Can you renovate a house for 50k? Grandchildren-running-to-greet-grandparents

It would be easy for us to say yes, but that would not be fair since we do not know what your project consists of. If your home needs a new roof, a large addition that will have a master bedroom and bathroom, new hardwood flooring throughout, a new central air system and a swimming pool…then we are confident that you will need more funds.

But let’s say for example, if you are changing an existing bathroom remodel that needs new tile floor, recessed lighting and new light switches and light fixtures, new interior door, upgraded electrical outlets (GFCI), upgrades to the plumbing such as new water lines, drain pipes, water heater and an updated toilet, then you are within your budget. Most bathroom remodels cost between $6,000 and $15,000. Home renovation costs vary according to location and region, size of room, your taste for quality, rearranging the floor plan (ie. moving the toilet to the opposite wall), fixtures and appliances and other variables.

The cost of remodeling ranges all over the spectrum because of installation costs, whether you need to borrow money and your finance payments, types of products and their accessibility, and so much more. If you were modest with your upgrades and realistic with your needs, you would be able to have an extra $35,000 to upgrade the electrical wiring and electrical outlets in the home. Or, maybe you might need to look at your roof replacement options, or installing new vinyl windows.

As you can see, there are many options available that are affordable, but there are expensive home repairs also. The wisest choices are to look forward ten years and ask yourself what your house will need for you to live there, instead of moving into a care center. 

Is it cheaper to remodel or build?

In some cases it is less expensive to make changes to your existing home than to build, or even buy an existing home. If your home needs to updated so that you or a loved one can have appropriate access for their walker or wheelchair, then it will be cheaper to stay in your current home.

There are very few homes on the market that have access for wheelchairs. If you moved, then you would need to improve and remodel the new home to accommodate the required access. 

When we move, there are additional costs such as moving vans and helpers, closing costs, new locks and security and many more items. This does not even include the energy and weeks of packing and unpacking that are very time intensive.

common home repair, roof replace, cutting piece of woodHow much should a handyman charge?

I watched a Youtube video the other day that was titled something like: ‘A Handyman Will Be The Highest Paid Career In The Near Future”. The host began to talk about how the trades have suffered with the lack of young workers moving into the trades.

The handyman that possesses the skills to install a garbage disposal, install wood siding or install a washing machine, or provide snow removal, or build a fire pit inside a wood fence surround, or chain link fencing that surrounds a pool deck and pool fencing that he built last summer, never has to worry about finding a job. 

Independent handymen companies usually charge between $60 to $95 an hour on average. Actual prices can climb up to $125 for an independent operator if they have a specialty like installing granite countertops, quartz countertops, ceramic tile, laminate flooring, kitchen remodeling or a higher end outdoor kitchen. 

If a handyman is not afraid of ladders, they can do exterior painting, install metal roofing or a wood shake roof. There also is a lot of profit for a handyman if he/she can install wood siding, or vinyl siding, or even stone siding.

How much money should you save for home repairs?

There are several variables to consider when writing about what home repairs cost. There are no two people alike: I like to paint my house every 7 years so that it looks clean and nice and protects my home. While my neighbor just painted her house after 25 years. Let’s just say that it was not the same color as it was 25 years ago.

Another variable to consider is where your region that you live in is located. Minnesota homes need different upgrades than what a home in Tucson, Arizona requires. My brother lives in the High Desert of Oregon. The temperature drops into the double digit negative numbers in the winter, while climbing into the triple digits in summer. 

I have read investor and trade magazines that recommend saving 1% of your home value. In Portland, the average price of a home is $466,000. One percent of $466k is $4,666. I am sure that there are some years where I have spent roughly $5,000 for my home maintenance, but there are also years where I have put $20,000 into my home. 

Three years ago, we put a roof on the home, painted the home, built a new deck, replaced a water heater, purchased a kitchen appliance, and screamed several times for no reason.

If homeowners were able to save $388 per month ($4,666 / yr), then they could have a great savings ready for when they needed to replace windows, replace the heat pumps motor, replace the pool deck, replace the garage doors after your teenage son accidentally hit the gas pedal instead of the brake pedal.

Oh yeah, that happened. The garage doors cost me $2,100, and my insurance said that my deductible was about $1,800. What? Anyway, it wasn’t for a couple weeks after the self inflicted crash that he admitted that he did an ‘oopsy’ and ‘slipped’ because his shoe was not on correctly. Yeah, you are laughing now, but I wasn’t laughing then….

Here is the way that I look at saving up for home repairs. For example, we purchase a car for roughly $40,000, and sell it 3 years later for $25,000. That is a loss of $15,000 and we accept that loss because we don’t expect our vehicle to make us money. But our real estate, our home, provides us a great return on investment if we live in it for five or more years. Our home will become one of our investments that we can count on during our retirement years.

 

The True Cost of Home Improvement (Home Repair List)

True Cost of Home Remodels & Repairs
The True Cost of Home Improvement – An infographic by HomeAdvisor

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